[Japan Water Agency / JWA] Water resources development of seven river systems.

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Current status of the Koishiwaragawa Dam Construction Project
- Overcoming natural disaster and implementation of new technologies - 6 June, 2018

Current status of the Koishiwaragawa Dam Construction Project
Japan Water Agency (=JWA) has been engaged in the Koishiwaragawa Dam construction project in Kyushu region. This multipurpose dam in the Koishiwarawa River in the Chikugo River System will be used for flood control, maintenance of normal function of river, and supply of domestic water. In addition, the construction of the water conveyance facilities approximately 5 km in length toward the downstream of the dam is included in this project.
We would like to introduce the current status of the project, which is at a peak period of dam construction, and also new technologies implemented in this project.

Rendering - Koishiwaragawa Dam

I. Current Status of the Koishiwaragawa Dam Construction Project

1.Construction of the dam body

Koishiwaragawa Dam is a rock fill dam and its construction works of the dam body started in April 2016, and foundation excavation started in August 2016. When preparation and foundation treatment were proceeding towards the start of dam construction, Kyushu region was hit by a horrible storm disaster in July 2017.
As for the dam body, as its foundation excavation had been almost finished, the machinery such as boring machines which were installed in the lower part of construction site were submerged by freshet. In addition, the temporarily placed equipment around there, and the construction yards were also damaged or wished away. There were also some facilities that suffered damage, and forced to take a long period of time to be restored such as the construction yard located in the upstream area and the muck disposal yard.

Cross sectional view of Koishiwaragawa Dam


Aerial image of the inundated dam site taken by UAV
(8 July 2017)
(Photo: Kajima Corporation/Takenaka Civil Engineering & Construction/Sumitomo Mitsui Construction JV)
The restoration work after the disaster started by draining the water in the dam. As power poles collapsed in the downstream area, and then electricity supply was cut off, JWA strove to work through night and day by using generators on the site, and resumed the foundation treatment work about 10 days after the disaster.
After that, JWA continued the restoration work while proceeding the ongoing main construction work as well. JWA started filling of the rock zone in August - the following month of the disaster, placing concrete for fixing the discharge facility (spillway) in September, and then filling of the core zone (cut-off water zone for sealing water) which can be the heart of the dam in October. At the end of January, the height of the filling (core zone) reached approx. 20m in height, and both the concrete placement at the intake facilities and the discharge facilities were done in parallel.

Construction (core zone of the dam body) December 2017


Concrete placement (spillway) December 2017

2.Construction of the water conveyance facility

JWA undertook a construction work of the water conveyance facility in July 2015 and began excavation of a headrace tunnel by using a shield machine from the outlet side (Koishiwara River, Egawa District) in September 2016, and then the intake side (Sada River, Kiwada District) in April 2017. Although the excavation work proceeded as planned at first, Kyushu region was hit by a horrible torrential rainfall in July 2017, and the construction site was seriously damaged. As for the intake side, in particular, the shield machine was submerged and damaged by a large amount of sediment and driftwood. To make matters worse, the bank protection which was nearly completed was buried with sediment and driftwood. On the other hand, damage of the outlet side was minor, but the shield machine was submerged and damaged due to shutdown of the pumping equipment after the power failure and it took about two months to resume excavation.
After that, JWA resumed excavation from the outlet side, and it has extended over 50% of the total length (2,538 m out of 5,040 m) in January 2018. On the intake side into which a large amount of sediment flowed, removal of sediment covered the bank protection was completed, but still the shield machine is under repair, and JWA is preparing for resumption of excavation in the summer of 2018.

Intake of the water conveyance facility, 11 July 2017


Road to the construction site (Left bank side of Egawa Dam reservoir), 8 July 2017

3.Road relocation

About 80% of relocation of national and forestry roads in consequence of the dam construction had been completed or near completion, but construction machines and construction roads were damaged and destroyed by the disaster. Because the road construction needs to be carried out from one side after another, it took about two months to be fully restored, so all the construction works resumed in September 2017.
The construction plan for some of the roads to be relocated was reviewed, and is obliged to be revised due to the damage of the roads for the construction. At present, all the roads in all the sections, including additional ones, are in progress before completion of the project.

II. Implementation of the new technologies

1.i-Construction & Management

The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism promotes so called i-Construction, which is an effort in order to improve productivity in whole construction systems, and make construction sites attractive by introducing the measures to make the most of information technology entirely. Given the fact, JWA decided to promote and implement "i-Construction & Management" to improve productivity on the series of stages, from such as preliminary study and survey, design, to construction and maintenance, and has been working on it.
On the Koishiwaragawa Dam construction project, ICT* is adapted to its construction process, and BIM/CIM is being deployed on each stage of design, construction and maintenance, while unitarily managing various information obtained from each stage.

2.Implementation of BIM/CIM* in the project

Three-dimensional modeling of topography, geology, and also facilities such as dam body and spillway, and other is carried out by applying BIM/CIM in this project. JWA tries to accumulate and share information by incorporating various kinds of information such as density and moisture content of materials obtained at each construction stage into this model. Furthermore, by inputting data on the location of construction and so on in the BIM/CIM system, and by accumulating and storing those data, it can be utilized not only as a tool for construction management, but also that for follow-up after completion of the dam survey in case of abnormal situations.
This system can be accessed to the data at any time from mobile devices (a tablet computer for construction supervision, for example), and utilized them at a construction site to check drawings, construction management information, and quality control information. This system is connected to cameras installed at constructions sites, and so the status of the construction sites can be observed in real-time, even in the office or remote locations.
In addition, the system can display various kinds of information on one display screen. For example, in case of three-dimensional modeling of the results of grouting to improve water cut-off performance of foundation, boreholes are displayed in cylinders chart and the Lugeon value (water permeability) is classified by the color of the cylinder and the cement injection amount is indicated according to the diameter of the cylinder. It makes users possible to identify visually the water permeability and the cement injection amount for each position at the same time on a single screen. With incorporating new construction information, it can be updated and displayed immediately. In this project, various kinds of information is shared among those who engaged in construction works,and the project has been progressing with prompt and precise judgment while referring to the three-dimensional visualized model based on BIM/CIM technology.

Three-dimensional model of the dam body


Three-dimensional modeling of geology (geological map) at the dam site


Access to the system through a tablet


Three-dimensional modeling of the results of grouting (foundation treatment)

3.Development to management BIM/CIM

It was a problem in the past that the enormous amount of information on the ICT accumulated on the construction stages was not properly handed over to the next management stage. But now it has been possible to prevent the dissemination of information on the maintenance stage after completion of the construction stage by allowing smooth cooperation between both the construction and the management BIM/CIM systems. From the viewpoint of people in charge of management, the BIM/CIM system is constructed as an information accumulation tool which can utilize a huge amount of information created on each stage of planning, survey, design, and also construction for future maintenance. From the standpoint of management, JWA aims to develop an enhanced management BIM/CIM that can visualize information at the design and construction stage, accumulating them in the database, and which can continuously monitor measurement data from instruments buried underground.

Example of accumulated construction management information

Finally

The Koishiwaragawa Dam Construction Project is now at the peak period of dam construction. JWA has been proceeding with an enormous amount of work including not only that of the dam body, spillway, inspection gallery, water intake tower, or foundation treatment, but also that of water conveyance facility, and road relocation in such a short period of time, which JWA has never experienced in past. JWA accumulates and then utilize vast amount of information collected on the stage of design and construction in order to improve the efficiency of construction supervision while executing the ongoing project, taking advantages of new technologies. Furthermore, JWA aims to manage facilities in sophisticated and efficient manners in the future by making the most of the information. The staff of JWA, contractors, cooperative companies and local municipalities are working together and doing our best until the project is completed, while making every possible effort to shorten the construction period and conserve the environment.
Finally, we wish to express our heartfelt sympathy to everyone who suffered from the heavy rain in the northern part of Kyushu, and we would like to ask many of you concerned for your continued understanding, support and cooperation.
Report by: Asakura Management and Construction Office, Japan Water Agency
Translation by: International Affairs Division, The Japan Water Agency
ICT: Information and Communication Technology
ICT is a technology that aims to streamline construction by utilizing information communication technology to efficiently utilize various information.
BIM/CIM: Building Information Modeling/Construction Information Modeling/Management
BIM/CIM aims to construct an efficient and high quality construction and production system by utilizing the latest ICT technology, and sharing information on the stage of planning, design, construction and management.

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